As a folk hero sees Manuel Fuentes is not enough. As he collected Unken crouches behind his desk, the forehead wrinkles and in their hands in their lap. "The attempt to finish me," he groans. "How should I smile?"
Fuentes is the mayor of the village Seseña, half an hour's drive south of Madrid: 9000 inhabitants, crouching houses, narrow alleys, nothing special. But the 52-year-old is best known for the village mayor of Spain, because he is one of the most powerful industrialist in Spain during this period. Some therefore Fuentes for a champion of democracy. Others see in the gray man with the sad eyes of an enemy advances, a derisory Don Quichotte. Fuentes galloping not against windmills, but he fought high-rise buildings.
They rise up from his five kilometers away from city hall the barren plateau of Castilla-La Manchas: 70 blocks of red brick, seven to ten stories high, right next to a dumping ground for tires. 400 million euros, the entrepreneur invests Francisco Hernando here, one of Europe's largest Wohnparks from the ground to pound. Now he urges Fuentes him permission to build another block grant. But refuses, he holds the entire project for insanity. After all, the "residence Francisco Hernando" is a ghost town.
The driveway leads through an empty street with two large roundabouts. The sidewalks are deserted, the ground floor of the sealed unit. To fibrillate wasteland around settlements in the midday sun. Once should be 13 500 apartments for 40 000 people emerge. Until now 5600 homes built. According Einwohnermeldeamt 2200 people live in the settlement, not 1000 apartments are occupied. Whole towers stand empty - is a rumor in the village, they were soccer players from Real Madrid, who wanted to speculate in order.
So Seseña become a symbol for the Spanish real estate bubble that is already up with for 15 years and then burst spectacularly. The blast in Spain has one of the fiercest economic crises led to its history. At the same time, he has depths to environmental destruction and corruption disclosed. Thus, it is as if he had guessed, turned Manuel Fuentes early against the mega project, which his village in a Madrid city would sleep. "Seseña will evolve," he says, "but orderly." With this attitude, he stood quite alone.
Since the mid-90s, the Spaniards built houses, as if her country wanted to bury under concrete. Between 1998 and 2007 were 5.7 million new housing units raised in 2005 alone there were 800 000 - more than in Germany, France and Britain together. The need for even fantasized reputable business magazines guilt.
A cement-tsunami "is on Spain pulled out, says the city researcher Ramón Fernández Durán. But not only the Spaniards were attacked. Also British, Dutch and German invested and speculated. Similarly, the large European pension funds and the Russian mafia in Spain, washed black. Even many of the 4.2 million new immigrants bought homes on Pump. That was completely normal. Pay rent in Spain is still considered a waste of money. Real estate, however, promised a safe asset growth. Their value rose within ten years by some 191 percent.
Fired, the noise of low interest rates and banks, the safe construction and loans to individuals forgave. "We have the homes only as rausgehauen," remembers the real estate agent Jesús Salvat, by a real estate company from Alicante in the "Residence Francisco Hernando" has been sent. There he sits now in an air conditioned container sale and see movies on his laptop. "Since February, I got rid of two apartments," he says. In Spain, it estimates the Society for the appraisal of real estate values (TINSA), are now one million new dwellings empty.
And the price decline has focused on a record pace accelerated. As the national statistical agency INE announced last week, broke the real estate prices in the first quarter compared to same period last year by 7.6 percent. Experts from the Spanish bank BBVA even expect a price decline of 30 percent compared to the maximum, two years ago have been paid.
In Seseña drove the "ladrillazo", the "giant bricks," as the building boom is now called, at the top. On the edge of the 800-year-old Francisco Hernando wanted to place his life's work to create. The mega-urban bears his name, the park, he called after his wife, in the midst of a traffic roundabout enthroned a statue for his parents. Mayor Fuentes, the unbearable: "There are public places!"
The majority of Spaniards know Hernando under his nickname "el Pocero", the canal workers. After the ascent to one of the richest men in the country with an estimated investment of one billion euros, he started with the Entstopfen of sewage pipes under Madrid. It was not until 30 years Hernando learned to read and write, but even as a child he had a streak of shops, which sold its neighbors from a nearby water source. Later came the new right political friendships. The father of four with full of white hair Tolle has been a larger yacht than the Spanish king and the most modern private jet in the world, he owns newspapers and a motorcycle team. Insiders say that the 64-year-old was ruthlessly. It comes to resistance, he zücke first check, if nothing, the threatening calls were starting.
"It will be much higher than the manure, Pocero 'paid." Andrea and Juan come from Colombia. Since 2002, they live in Spain, last year they have an apartment in Seseña purchased 71 square meters, 180 000 euros. "That was very favorable," says Juan. "In Madrid we would have paid at least twice." The couple looks at night in the only pub in town football. Around them sit conspicuously many immigrants: Romanians, Bolivians, Chinese. All found that "Pocerolandia" in the dirt would be drawn. "These are the homes not of the same crap quality as anywhere else," says Andrea. And Juan says: "The bricks, the floor, the valve: everything erste Sahne." Until recently, he has even worked on the construction.
How long the two 26-year-olds have their monthly payments of 800 euros in the bank can afford? Juan shrugs his shoulders: "I shall soon find a job." But that could be difficult. Hundreds of thousands of construction workers have lost their jobs. The unemployment rate in Spain to almost 20 percent, the maximum in the EU. Andrea still works as a waitress. So thinks the couple is not because the keys to the bank and to simply disappear. That is what is currently indebted thousands of immigrants from South America and Northern Africa.
In Seseña agent tries Salvat now customers with discounts of up to 60 000 euro to attract. But in vain. The rejection has also with the poor infrastructure of the settlement to be done. There is no supermarket, no doctor, no rail connection, and through the village runs a power cable, which would have to be relocated. To make all the failures in the pub Manuel Fuentes responsible. "He hates us," says Juan applause of bystanders. "Fuentes, halt's Maul!", Stands on a plate attached to a balcony in the settlement is attached. If the mayor hears something, he plays on the stump of his left middle finger, which he at the age of 16 lost in an accident. "Hernando has a settlement without the infrastructure built," he says, "our community has not the money to get to everything."
Francisco Hernando reluctant meets with journalists. He roars critical questions have been settled and pursued photography with the stick. That is why he has a prominent television presenter hired as a spokesman. Alfredo Urdaci was news chief of the state broadcaster TVE and is considered a supporter of conservative former prime ministers Jose Maria Aznar. As in 2005 was voted out, it also Urdaci go. Today, his office at the headquarters of Hernandos contractor on a meadow between the monumental Seseña of his employer, and the winding Seseña of Fuentes. The 49-year-old, bright eyes, sitting perfectly suit, boyish smile that comes straight to the point. The residence will soon have a vibrant suburb of Madrid, which will you'll see.
How to proceed? "Working-class families need affordable housing." Moreover, the settlement model to the Spanish economy to stimulate: "The whole of the Spanish soil for the building must be released." What? "Right. The town halls should not say more. "
The Spanish building boom was a perfectly lubricated machinery. He found bypassing any urban planning and environmental laws instead. Almost the entire Mediterranean Sea is now considered destroyed, just as the green belt around Madrid. But only now identified the Spanish judiciary in hundreds of cases against local politicians because of the issue of illegal Baulizenzen.
In Seseña is no different. After Francisco Hernando there in an area the size of 200 football fields had been acquired, they declared the city council at its last meeting before the inauguration of Manuel Fuentes order. "Rustico Suelo", ie land that is not released to the building, was to "suelo Urbanizable". It was worth twenty times. But the mayor had failed, that the regional government for nearly 20 objections to the construction project had. They concerned the precarious water supply in the extremely arid region. Therefore, the prosecutor determined against Fuentes' predecessor, José Luis Martín. He is now a millionaire and alleged that he had won the lottery.
The corruption investigations against Hernando, however, has been discontinued. In return, he Fuentes because libel sued, and the mayor was an omission to pay 133 333 euros convicted. Individuals from all over Spain donated the money. From the other side, the mayor death threats. "The caller said that I would question the scaffold." Nevertheless, Fuentes has not changed his life, runs daily on a bicycle through the village and holds its weekly hours from citizens.
A few days ago, Hernando now threatened to pull out all the work has already begun to cancel and disappear. The mayor then sitting on the largest Bauruine Spain